1. Apply appropriate strategies to interpret various types of reading materials.
Examples: recognizing symbolism, using context clues, following directions, recognizing cause and effect, identifying sequence
2. Exhibit the habit of reading for a substantial amount of time daily, including assigned and self-selected materials at their independent and instructional levels.
3. Read for a variety of purposes.
Examples: newspapers, catalogs, directions
Examples: weather reports, posted warnings
Examples: short stories, novels, magazines
4. Demonstrate reading improvement gained
through substantial amounts of daily reading.
5. Exhibit familiarity with American literature
to 1900 and related world literature representing a variety of cultures.
6. Identify examples of differences in language
usage among several authors.
Examples: Phyllis Wheatley, William Cullen Bryant, William Bradford
7. Recognize characterization as a means
of expressing various ideas and ways of interacting.
8. Determine how authors use imagery, symbolism,
dialogue, and plot to express meaning.
Examples: stereotypes, archetypes
9. Recognize elements of plot in print form
as well as in movies and plays.
10. Recognize fallacies of logic in written,
oral, and visual presentations.
Example: appeal to emotion or authority
11. Read and view nonprint and print media
critically and selectively.
Examples: applying a personal criterion to use of television, discerning the reliability of Internet information
12. Examine and report others ideas as represented
in literature including dramatic productions.
13. Identify main ideas and supporting details
from non-fictional reading.
14. Write in response to literature.
Examples: response journals, critical analyses
15. Demonstrate listening skills.
Standard English recognition
Dialects, slang, and jargon
16. Interact effectively in group situations.
Examples: phrasing of questions, respecting the rights of others, rephrasing for clarification
17. Apply personal study skills.
Skimming and scanning
Reviewing with partner
Recognizing author style
18. Apply the principles of standard English
by adjusting vocabulary and style to suit the occasion.
- Eye contact
19. Produce thoughtful compositions through
improved use of phases in the writing process.
*See content standard 20 for specific concepts.
20. Demonstrate knowledge of language terminology
and application of the concepts.
- Proper nouns and adjectives
- Regions of the country
- Books, works of art, videos, ships, buildings
- Courtesy titles
- Commas for items in a series, compound sentences, friendly letter salutation, direct address, introductory adverb clauses, nonrestrictive appositives and phrases including parenthetical expressions, and with dialogue
- Apostrophes for possession (singular and plural)
- Periods for abbreviations
- Underlining or italicizing for certain titles
- Quotation marks for certain titles and for dialogue
Grammar, usage, and spelling
- Subject-verb agreement
- Noun and verb forms
- Pronoun-antecedent agreement
- Avoidance of double negatives, fragments, run-ons, comma splices, shifts in verb tense (all)
- Phrases and clauses
- Appropriate subordination
- Placement of modifiers
- Pronoun case, number, and gender
- Parallel structure in lists or series, clauses, phrases
- Word choice for vividness and clarity
- Preference for active voice
- Spelling of commonly confused words
21. Conduct individual research using all
aspects of the research process.
Examples: locating, selecting, retrieving, evaluating
Example: correct use of copyrighted materials
Examples: presentation method, following a style sheet
Examples: the I-Search paper, a career-search paper
22. Use available technology related to English language arts.
23. Write in a variety of modes for many
purposes and audiences.
Examples: peers, parents, local organizations, prospective employers
24. Demonstrate a mastery of paragraph structures.
Examples: comparison and contrast, persuasion, explanation
25. Write to clarify and to organize thoughts and ideas.
26. Speak successfully in a variety of situations.
Clarifying through word choice
Examples: telling personal anecdotes, reporting on current events, reading personal poems
27. Organize for orderly informal debates.
Example: transplanted Europeans versus Native Americans
28. Participate in dramatic activities as a means of sharing ideas and feelings.
29. Display an extended vocabulary.
Common foreign words and terms
Specialized and technical terms
Formal and informal
30. Use audiovisual aids in presentations.
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Madison County Board of Education
Alabama Courses of Study